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Infectious Disease

Hepatitis C

Viral HepatitisHepatitis AHepatitis B

Hepatitis C is a liver disease that results from infection with the Hepatitis C virus. It can range in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness. Hepatitis C is usually spread when blood from a person infected with the Hepatitis C virus enters the body of someone who is not infected. Today, most people become infected with the Hepatitis C virus by sharing needles or other equipment to inject drugs. Before 1992, when widespread screening of the blood supply began in the United States, Hepatitis C was also commonly spread through blood transfusions and organ transplants.

Hepatitis C can be either "acute" or "chronic." Acute Hepatitis C virus infection is a short-term illness that occurs within the first 6 months after someone is exposed to the Hepatitis C virus. For most people, acute infection leads to chronic infection. Chronic Hepatitis C is a serious disease than can result in long-term health problems, or even death.

There is no vaccine for Hepatitis C. The best way to prevent Hepatitis C is by avoiding behaviors that can spread the disease, especially injection drug use.

People born between 1945 and 1965 ("baby boomers") are at risk for hepatitis C and should be tested.


Alaska Surveillance Data

Resources for the General Public

Know More Hepatitis

Resources for Healthcare Providers

Hepatitis C is a public health reportable condition in Alaska.  Reports must be made within 2 working days after being suspected or diagnosed.  Please call the Alaska Section of Epidemiology at 907-269-8000.

Other Resources 

Substance Abuse Treatment