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Informed Alaskans

Alaska BRFSS Health Profiles: Themes and Indicators

Contents

In this second data release there are 172 health indicators or diseases organized into 35 themes. Some indicators have multiple response categories and the results for each are displayed as Alaska Total as well as Alaska Native and white racial categories bringing the total number of variables up to 1,049. Not all variables are available for each geographic system due to the BRFSS requirement of requiring at least 50 respondents in a region before making results publically available. It is often necessary to aggregate multiple years of data to reach the 50-respondent threshold. Data are denoted as DSU, shorthand for Data Statistical Unreliable, when information has to be suppressed.

Drop-down menus allow selection of indicators and time periods for the three InstantAtlas graphic templates of Single Map, Double Map, and Area Profile. To condense the list of variable selection options for the text-based HTML Profiles, all indicators are displayed for all regions and time periods within a selected theme. The following table provides a comprehensive list of possible indicators within a theme. Only the themes available for each geographic system are displayed on the selection pages for the HTML Profiles. Selecting a geographic region on the HTML Profile pages will result in information for all variables and time periods for the area.

Health Themes and Indicators

Demography

  • Gender
  • Race (3 Groupings)
  • Alaska Native/American Indian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Marital Status
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Education Status
  • Employment Status
  • Household Income
  • Poverty Threshold (Bureau of the Census)
  • Low Socioeconomic Status (25-64)
  • Food Security
  • Veteran Status

Quality of Life - Disability

  • Disabled
  • Disabled 18-64 and Working
  • Disabled with Activity Limitation
  • Require Special Equipment
  • Disabled with Emotional Support
  • Disabled with Life Satisfaction
  • Reduce the number of days adults aged 18 years and older with disabilities reporting being sad, blue, or depressed

Quality of Life - General Health

  • General Health: Excellent or Very Good
  • Emotional Support
  • Life Satisfaction

Quality of Life - Health Care Access

  • Heathcare Access (Any health plan 18-64 (verified))
  • Heathcare Access (Any health plan 18+)
  • Eye Care Insurance
  • Access At least one personal doctor or health care provider
  • Reduce the proportion of adults 18 or over reporting that they could not afford to see a doctor in the past 12 months
  • In the past 12 months, seen a doctor, nurse, or other health professional to get any kind of care?

Quality of Life - Healthy Days

  • Poor Physical Health Days
  • Poor Physical Health Days - 14+ Days
  • Poor Mental Health Days
  • Frequent Mental Distress (14+ Days Poor Mental Health)
  • Physical Activity Limitation Days
  • Physical Activity Limitation Days - 14+ Days

Quality of Life - Sleep

  • Poor Sleep Days
  • Poor Sleep Days - 14 + Days

Chronic Disease - Arthritis

  • Chronic Disease - Arthritis
  • Chronic Disease - Arthritis: Adults (18-64) with arthritis who are employed

Chronic Disease - Asthma

  • Chronic Disease - Lifetime Asthma
  • Chronic Disease - Asthma Status

Chronic Disease - Cancer

  • Chronic Disease - Prostate Cancer
  • Chronic Disease - Skin Cancer
  • Chronic Disease - Ever told you had cancer

Chronic Disease - Cardiovascular Disease

  • Chronic Disease - Cardiovascular Disease
  • Chronic Disease - Heart Attack
  • Chronic Disease - Cardiovascular Disease: Know warning signs for a heart attack and call 911
  • Chronic Disease - Coronary Heart Disease
  • Chronic Disease - Stroke
  • Chronic Disease - Stoke: Know warning signs for stroke and call 911

Chronic Disease - COPD

  • Chronic Disease - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Disease - Diabetes

  • Chronic Disease - Pre-Diabetes
  • Chronic Disease - Diabetes
  • Chronic Disease - Gestational Diabetes - Women 18+

Chronic Disease - Kidney Disease

  • Chronic Disease - Kidney Disease

Chronic Disease - Mental Health

  • Chronic Disease - Anxiety
  • Chronic Disease - Depression
  • Mental Health - Current Depression
  • Mental Health - Serious Psychological Distress

Chronic Disease - Vision

  • Chronic Disease - Vision
  • Chronic Disease - Cataracts
  • Chronic Disease - Glaucoma
  • Chronic Disease - Macular Degeneration

Risk Factors - Alcohol Use

  • Alcohol Use - Current Alcohol Use
  • Alcohol Use - Binge Drinking
  • Alcohol Use - Heavy Drinking

Risk Factors - Cardiovascular Risks

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Adults with high blood pressure who are taking medication to control their blood pressure
  • High Cholesterol: Reduce proportion of adults with high total blood cholesterol levels (240mg/dL or greater)

Risk Factors - Diet

  • Diet - 5-A-Day Fruits and/or Vegetables
  • Diet - 2+ Fruits and 3+ Vegetables A Day
  • Diet - 2+-A-Day Fruits
  • Diet - 3+-A-Day Vegetables
  • Diet - 1+-A-Day Non-Diet Carbonated Beverages
  • Diet - 1+-A-Day Sugar-Sweetened Beverages
  • Diet - 1+-A-Day Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Non-Diet Soda

Risk Factors - Exercise

  • Exercise - No Leisure Time Physical Activity
  • Exercise - Physical Activity Recommendations
  • Exercise - Met Aerobic Recommendations (150+ min)
  • Exercise - Met Aerobic Recommendations (300+ min)
  • Exercise - Met Muscle Strengthening Recommendations
  • Exercise - Met Aerobic (150+ min) and Strengthening Recommendations
  • Exercise - 3+ Hours of Screentime

Risk Factors - Injury

  • Firearms Safety
  • Seatbelt Use - Always
  • Drinking and Driving
  • Driving a motor vehicle after binge drinking
  • Falls within the past 3 months - 45+

Risk Factors - Interpersonal Violence

  • Witnessed Parent Physically Hurt by Spouse/Partner
  • Made to Participate in Unwanted Sexual Activity
  • Hurt by Intimate Partner Ever
  • Hurt by Intimate Partner in Past 5 Years

Risk Factors - Overweight/Obese

  • Weight - Neither Overweight or Obese (<25 BMI)
  • Weight - Overweight (25-29.9 BMI)
  • Weight - Obesity (30+ BMI)
  • Weight - Overweight or Obese (25+ BMI)
  • Weight - Unintentional Weight Gain

Risk Factors - Suicide Ideation

  • Suicide Ideation - Serious consider attempting suicide within past 12 months

Risk Factors - Tobacco Use

  • Tobacco Use - Smoking Status
  • Tobacco Use - Smokeless Tobacco Status
  • Tobacco Use - Smokeless Tobacco Used or Tried

Risk Factors - Tobacco: Environmental Smoke

  • Tobacco Use - In past 30 days, someone smoking inside home
  • Tobacco Use - Proportion of people who work in smoke-free indoor environments
  • Tobacco Use - Reduce the proportion of households with children 0-4 exposed to tobacco smoke in the home in the past 30 days

Prevention - Vision

  • Vision - Distant Acuity (moderate and above difficulty)
  • Vision - Near Acuity (moderate and above difficulty)

Prevention - Attitudes

  • Strongly agree or agree that people should be protected from smoke of other people's cigarettes
  • Think breathing smoke from other people's cigarettes is very harmful or somewhat harmful
  • Strongly support or support putting a special tax on sugar-sweetened beverages
  • Strongly support or support putting a special tax on sugar-sweetened beverages if income addresses childhood obesity
  • Strongly support or support putting a special tax on junk food, that is things like chips and candy?
  • Strongly support or support putting a special tax on junk food, that is things like chips and candy, if income addresses childhood obesity?
  • Strongly support or support making a law requiring restaurants to list nutritional information?
  • Strongly support or support government-funded campaigns that promote eating right and exercising?
  • Believe currently eat enough fruits and vegetables
  • Strongly or somewhat agree that fruits and vegetables are inconvenient to prepare or eat
  • Strongly or somewhat agree that fruits and vegetables are not available
  • Strongly or somewhat agree that fruits and vegetables are too expensive
  • Believe currently get enough physical activity
  • Strongly or somewhat agree in not enough time for physical activity
  • Strongly or somewhat agree in lack of motivation for physical activity
  • Strongly or somewhat agree in health issues for physical activity

Prevention - Cancer Screening

  • Breast Cancer Screening (40+): Breast Exam within past 2 years
  • Breast Cancer Screening (40+): Mammogram within past 2 years
  • Cervical Cancer Screening (21+): Pap smear within past 3 years
  • Colorectal Cancer Screening - FOBT (50+) within past 2 years
  • Colorectal Cancer Screening - Sigmoidoscopy or Colonoscopy (50+) ever
  • Oral Cancer Exam within past year
  • Prostate Cancer Screening (40+): DRE within past year
  • Prostate Cancer Screening (40+): PSA within past 2 years

Prevention - Cardiovascular Care

  • Take aspirin daily or every other day
  • Aspirin use is unsafe
  • Aspirin use for pain relief (35+)
  • Aspirin use to prevent heart attack (35+)
  • Aspirin use to prevent stroke (35+)

Prevention - Dental Care

  • Dental cleaning within past year
  • Any permanent teeth removed

Prevention - Diabetes Care

  • Diabetes Quality of Care (2-A1C, HCP Foot Exam, Eye Exam)
  • Increase the proportion of people with diabetes who receive formal diabetes education
  • Increase the proportion of adults aged 18 or older with diabetes who have had at least an annual foot examination Increase the proportion of adults aged 18 or older with diabetes who have an annual dilated eye examination Increase the proportion of adults aged 18 or older with diabetes who have a glycosylated hemoglobin measurement at least once a year
  • Increase the proportion of persons 18 years with diabetes who have visited a dentist or dental clinic within the past year
  • Increase the proportion of adults aged 18 or over with diabetes who perform self-blood glucose monitoring at least once daily

Prevention - Health Screening

  • Cholesterol Screening within 5 years
  • Dental Exam within past year
  • Diabetes Screening within past 3 years
  • HIV/AIDS Test (18-64)
  • Hypertension Screening within 2 years
  • Routine Checkup within past year
  • Eye Exam within past year

Prevention - Immunization

  • Vaccinations - Hepatitis B
  • Vaccinations - Annual Influenza (65+)
  • Vaccinations - Annual Influenza (18+)
  • Vaccinations - Ever Pneumococcal (65+)
  • Vaccinations - Ever Pneumococcal (18+)

Prevention - Quality Health Care

  • Doctors or other health providers always listen carefully in the last 12 months
  • Doctors or other health providers always explain things in a way you could understand in the last 12 months
  • Doctors or other health providers always show respect for what you had to say in the last 12 months
  • Doctors or other health providers always spend enough time with you in the last 12 months
  • Doctors or other health providers always involve you in decision about your healthcare in the last 12 months
  • Increase the proportion of adults counseled about physical activity or exercise
  • Increase the proportion of adults counseled about diet or eating habits
  • Increase the proportion of adults that are asked about alcohol use
  • Increase the proportion of adults that are asked about smoking
  • Increase the proportion of adults that are asked about smokeless tobacco use

Prevention - Tobacco

  • Aware of the Alaska Quitline, a telephone service to quit smoking or stop using smokeless tobacco
  • Current Smokers who would like to quit smoking
  • Current smokeless tobacco users who would like to quit using smokeless tobacco